factors influencing climate in rwanda

Regarding the future climate the following range of changes are projected: Sector Project Sustainable Economic DevelopmentDeutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbHDag-Hammarskjöld-Weg 1-565760 Eschborn/Germany. It is warm throughout most of the year but it can be cooler in the mountains. Assessing the costs of adaptation using multiple lines of evidence. AdaptCost: Analysis of the Economic Costs of Climate Change Adaptation in Africa. also influence fertility in a country. Rwanda has variety of potential energy resources from biomass, hydro, solar, petroleum, methane gas, wind and geothermal. Section 2 identifies patterns of change stressing ecosystems and influencing their vulnerability. The period covered by this study, Rwanda has faced a period of high inflation due to the domestic economy system, non economic factors influence and external factors, in that period, GDP also was diminished. This includes the aggregated estimates of impacts and adaptation undertaken as part of the DFID funded study. drying out of seedlings, Negatively affect crop yields and quality, Heat can lead to lower productivity of workers. It is structured in 3 sections: Section 1 explains how ecosystems and ecosystem services play a vital role for human well-being. Designing robust, flexible adaptation strategies for national adaptation plans. Answers. Amount of water (clouds) and dust in the atmosphere. Climate trends According to Cole et al (2011) • Temperature increased by 1.4 oC since 1970, expected to increase • Rainfall stable, expected to increase. This theme covers information and research for understanding and using climate data, communicating climate change and providing effective climate services. They are discussed as under: (1) Religion: Religion affects fertility in many societies. Rwanda boasts an agreeable tropical climate that’s not too hot or too cold. Delivered timely, and in a way that users can understand and apply, climate services can help farmers make better decisions around crop management, for example on what crops to plant and when to sow. The elderly, specifically those over 80, are especially vulnerable to lower respiratory infections after a lifetime of exposure to factors that cause lower respiratory infections. Climate change is expected to result in increased temperatures, … The graph shows the monthly number of sunny, partly cloudy, overcast and precipitation days. climate change in Rwanda Dr. Timmo Gaasbeek Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Rwanda is strongly reliant on rain-fed agriculture both for rural livelihoods and exports of tea and coffee, wherefore it is highly vulnerable to climate change. at Aspect (the influence of slopes eg different sides of a valley). This report reviews current knowledge and knowledge gaps on the economic costs of climate change in Europe, including the costs of inaction and socio-economic tipping points. Temperature trends Rwanda Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. Climate information services are emerging as a means to support farmers to manage risk and provide an opportunity to build the resilience of agriculture to climate … Days with less than 20% cloud cover are considered as sunny, with 20-80% cloud cover as partly cloudy and with more than 80% as overcast. Rwanda has experienced a temperature increase of 1.4°C since 1970, higher than the global average. This document analyses the effects of climate change on ecosystems in Rwanda. Physical Factors: Physical factors that affect population distribution include altitude and latitude, relief, climate, soils, vegetation, water and location of mineral and energy resources. In general, the east of Rwanda, including Akagera NP, shares the warm climate of Kigali. Rwanda is strongly reliant on rain-fed agriculture both for rural livelihoods and exports of tea and coffee, wherefore it is highly vulnerable to climate change. “Life zones” on a high mountain reflect the changes, plants at the base are the same as those in surrounding countryside, but … Finally, it has considered the potential mechanisms that might emerge from the forthcoming negotiations, and the potential positions and implications for Rwanda. The assessment focuses on agriculture, health, and sea level rise (SLR), estimating the costs that would be incurred in the year 2050 due to changes in climate or to loss of land from SLR. The nation is bordered by Tanzania to the east, DR Congo and Lake Kivu to the west, Uganda to the north, and Burundi to the south. Variation of temperature and precipitation in the area of study. Social Factors: Social factors like religion, caste, race, family system, education, status of woman, etc. 3. Climate Change and Mountain Gorillas in Rwanda, Climate and climate change analysis for Rwanda. Latitude (angle of sun’s rays and effect on day length). Executive Summary. The central and eastern part of the country is generally of semi-arid type owing to its position in the rainy shadow of the western highlands. Section 2 identifies patterns of change stressing ecosystems and influencing their vulnerability. Here are the average sunshine hours per day in Kigali. Changes in precipitation (unpredictability), Negatively affect crop yields and quality; e.g. It has a modified humid climate including rainy forest and Savannah types. Lower respiratory disease is an unexpected, but serious health concern in Rwanda. If you see a problem with this website, please click here to inform us. Also, important sectors for the Rwandan economy are highly climate-sensitive, like agriculture, forestry and fisheries. Prepared as an input to the Kigali Finance For Development Meeting. It is important to note that most of the physical factors influence population distribution only indirectly through climatic conditions. Section 4 shifts focus from climate change impacts on ecosystems and services to exploring the role and value of ecosystem-based approaches for adaptation. Section 3 explores the effects of climate change on ecosystem services and the possible implications for human well-being and development given two possible future pathways. Rwanda is located within the equatorial belt, its climate is strictly not of the equatorial rainy type. To subscribe to the weADAPT newsletter, click here. This document analyses the effects of climate change on ecosystems at the regional level (East Africa): Section 1 explains how ecosystems and ecosystem services play a vital role for human well-being. Thus, they are directly dependent on natural resources, including water availability and soil quality. Rwanda is situated south of the Equator in east-central Africa. The high fluctuation has been observed in the war period 1990-1994. Cotopaxi mountain (5987m), permanent snow and high altitude alpine tundra (4000-5000m) Andean mountain cloud forest (Mindo area 1600 – 2200m Highland scrub (Paramo, 3200-4000m) Inter-Andean agricultural land (Machachi area 2300-3200m) Lowland tropical rainforest e.g. The average annual temperature ranges between 16°C and 20°C, without significant variation. Elevation or Altitude effect climate. The parks in the western mountainous area, including Volcanoes NP and Nyungwe Forest NP, are a lot colder with daytime temperatures around 16°C–21°C (61°F–70°F), due to the even higher altitude. Climate and climate change analysis for Rwanda; This document analyses the effects of climate change on ecosystems in Rwanda. (GIZ/adelphi, 2014)The private sector is largely informal: Out of the estimated 123,000 businesses, only 14,000 firms are registered with the Rwanda Revenue Authority.The construction sector has been growing very fast, making up around half the GDP of the whole industry. Warming temperatures and longer dry spells will likely diminish surface flows, leading to water shortages There are lots of factors that influence our climate. This document describes current threats and future potential impacts of climate change on the Virungas mountain gorillas in Rwanda. Climate services have been promoted as essential for promoting resilient agriculture. There are two rainy seasons in Rwanda: mid January to April and mid October to mid December. Stockholm Environment Institute, Research Fellow Rwanda has experienced the irregularities of rainfall but the impact of climate has no significance on crop production. Climate and Average Weather in Rwanda. Section 3 explores the effects of climate change on ecosystem services and the possible implications for human well-being and development given two possible future pathways for East Africa. In Rwanda, where most agriculture is rain-fed, climate risks are one of the key factors that influence the competitiveness of local agricultural cooperatives. Prevailing winds (the direction that winds usually blow from). FACTORS INFLUENCING VULNERABILITY TO CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON TRADITIONAL FOOD SECURITY IN IVUJIVIK, NUNAVIK Alain, J.1, Furgal, C.2 1. Altitude (height above sea-level). 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